OUR AUTHORS

Radu R. Reilanu, PhD, is an associate professor in biology who recently moved to the US having received his visa with the help of Lawson Law, LLC. He will be taking up a position as a lecturer at the University of Tulsa, where he will share his experience with his American colleagues and students.

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Natalia Reilanu, Radu’s wife, is a physical rehabilitation specialist, Thai massage master, and classic yoga school instructor.

Modern women serve different community functions, be it social, domestic, educational, or industrial. The problem with the aging population and the increasing availability of creative activity is in resistance towards involutional (age-related) changes and the boost in women’s physiological body reserves. This field of study has attracted the attention of different experts in recent years.

Fitness, as a trend, is a mass physical culture form that has its own peculiarities: a wide variety of techniques and ways of adjusting workload, the availability of exercises that have different functional meaning, the possibility of implementing your own creative approach during training, etc. The variety, scope, and limitless potential of physical exercise makes it very appealing to women.

Today, Russian people are paying more and more attention to health-improving forms of physical training such as cycling, aqua aerobics, aerobics, power fitness and other modern fitness training programs. However, unbeknownst to many women, non-rational training may cause more harm than good for women, and may result in long-term health problems. Modern cardiac hemodynamics diagnostics is a reliable tool that can prevent people who are engaged in physical training from developing pathological conditions of their cardiovascular systems. However, unfortunately, fitness trainers are not always aware of how different physical activities influence the heart and physical efficiency. This particular problem led to the development of research into how modern physical activity influences the cardiovascular system and basic functions in the bodies of young women.

The research described in this article was conducted at health and sports centers in the city of Syktyvkar. The subjects involved in the research were young women who regularly engaged in aerobics, cycling or power fitness activities, and who were aged between 20 and 26 years old. The groups observed participated in physical training two times a week, 45 minutes each, at the same time, and did not complete any additional training.

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Cardiovascular System Condition

To diagnose the condition of a cardiovascular system, it is necessary to calculate the recreation quality index (RQI) of the circulatory system. The research revealed that standard physical activity of any type (power, speed-power, stamina) results in a higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure in women. Moreover, this tendency lasted through the whole research (from November until April). This indicated that the CVS (cardiovascular system) of the participants reacted in a hypertonic way to physical training and, thus, their capacity to adapt to different physical activities reduced.

With all this going on, it is important to mention that the central hemodynamics did not return to the original level. This means that, during the assessment period, the functional condition of the circulatory system exhibited a low adaptation status and resulted in highly stressed vasomotor regulation. On the one hand, this may have been due to the difference between training load and the fitness levels of the women involved in the study. However, on the other hand, the circulatory system response type can be attributed to the climatic conditions in the north or Russia, where the average temperature between November and April was -17.8ºС. This may have placed additional stress on the circulatory system. This fact must be considered when organizing health-improving activities at fitness centers.

Analyzing General Physical Efficiency

The analysis of the general physical efficiency of the participants indicated that the women who took participated in the training exhibited a “below average” or “low” level of physical efficiency. During the observation process, the dynamics of physical efficiency decreased. Apparently, unstable functional condition of cardio-respiratory system appeared in the middle of January. All of this was indicative of unstable physical efficiency, insufficient myocardium strength and accumulated stress in the body. As such, the body was unable to fully recover.

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During the whole period of testing, the physical efficiency of the subjects was considered to be low. Basically, you see the general picture of poorly trained women but, according to the downgrading physical efficiency, it appeared that the subjects engaged in a complete de-adaptation processes! Power fitness activities had the worst effect on the cardiovascular system and the de-adaptation processes of the body.

These conditions gave the researchers reason to believe that, before organizing group training at health and sports fitness centers, appropriate consideration should be given to planning activities that incorporate appropriate workload with regard to age, gender, physical preparedness and climatic conditions.

How to Avoid Damaging Your Body

Complex body examinations represent an informative and relatively simple method of identifying women’s suitability for exercise, and the results of such assessments can be employed to monitor and evaluate physical preparedness levels during the training process. In addition, health-improving exercises and training should include opportunities for participants to learn about the basics of psychological regulation and self-massage, as well as proper self-control and the importance of regular medical checks. It only through taking a comprehensive approach to the issues of mass physical culture that we can ensure training activities are efficient and improve people’s health.

Rationally organized training should practically eliminate the risks of sustaining an injury or overtraining, while also preventing the development of cardiovascular diseases. After an adequate “hyperactivity” period, exercisers need to create a perfect environment in which to recover.